Sugar Beet Factories at Garland and Payson

Garland Factory, 1903- 1966
[Pages 183-184]

E. H. Dyer & Company erected the Garland, Utah, factory in 1903 for The Utah Sugar Company. With an estimated original cost of $500,000, the factory had an initial capacity of 600 tons. Virtually all of the beets came from privately owned farms irrigated by water delivered from the U and I-owned Bear River Water Company. During the first campaign in 1903, 250 farmers planted 2,408 acres of beets and harvested 18,907 tons of beets. A total of 30,666 hundred-pound bags of sugar was produced by the factory that year.

Within three years (i.e., in 1906) 503 farmers planted 5,174 acres of beets, harvested 84,228 tons, and the factory produced 207,615 hundred-pound bags of sugar. A railway spur from the factory to Bear River City constructed in 1916 facilitated the delivery of beets. The daily slicing capacity varied between 600 and 1,000 tons until 1922 when a rate of 1200 tons was reached. This was gradually increased until 1935, when the rated capacity was 1600 tons. In 1966 the rated capacity is 2,500 tons per day. In 1965, 458 farmers in the Garland district planted 10,745 acres of beets with a yield of 173,283 tons. Total production of the factory in 1965 was 901,211 hundred-pound bags of sugar.

Payson Factory, 1913-1940
[Pages 75-76, 187-188]

The Payson, Utah, factory was an outgrowth of the completion of the Strawberry Valley Reclamation Project in 1912. Considering the acres opened up by that project, the company offered to put in another factory as soon as the necessary acreage was

guaranteed. A contract was awarded in November, 1912, for a factory the same size as that at Elsinore. E. H. Dyer & Company constructed the 500-ton Payson factory for Utah- Idaho Sugar. The plant was completed in October 1913 at a cost of $582,000. The crop was small that first year, when only 209 farmers planted 1,473 acres and harvested 16,553 tans of sugar beets. The factory produced 66,790 hundred-pound bags of sugar. The beet harvest increased to 48,026 tons in 1914. The capacity was enlarged to 650 tons in 1915. In that year 763 farmers planted 5,014 acres, with a tonnage of 36,915, and the plant turned out 154,431 hundred-pound bags of sugar, which was the peak year of operation for the Payson factory. In that year the main engine ran 52 days without stopping The crop was low in 1917-1919. The factory did not operate in 1922, and production dwindled in 1923 and 1924. The capacity was enlarged to 850 tons by 1925. The factory was closed permanently in 1925 because of Curly Top.1 During 12 years of operation the factory extracted 125,145,400 pounds of sugar. In 1926 only 6,524 tons of beets were produced. In that year and subsequent years there was an acreage planted which was processed tn the nearby Spanish Fork or Lehi factories. The plant was dismantled in 1940. The machinery was distributed to various U and I factories and the warehouse was sold to the Utah Poultry Association.

SOURCE: Arrington, Leonard J., BEET SUGAR IN THE WEST - A History of the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company, 1891-1966, University of Washington Press, Seattle, 1966.
1 A plant virus (transmitted by a small flying insect) which causes sugar beet leaves to curl
and turn yellow, and seriously retards the growth of both tops and roots. If the infection
occurs when the plants are in the seedling stage, loss may be complete. [pages 101-102]